On Wed, Feb 27, 2002 at 07:09:56PM -0500 I heard the voice of Joshua Olson, and lo! it spake thus: > > > In the HTML 4.01 Strict DTD: > > > > - The HTML element must include a HEAD and a BODY element > > - The HEAD element must include a TITLE element > > - The BODY element must include at least one block level element > > > >  - http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd > > But, must ever document contain an HTML element? Yes, but not explicitly. >From the DTD: <!ELEMENT HTML O O (%html.content;) -- document root element --> so, <html> is optional. <!ELEMENT HEAD O O (%head.content;) +(%head.misc;) -- document head --> <!ENTITY % head.content "TITLE & BASE?"> <head> is optional, but must include a %head.content (which requires <title> and may include <base>) <!ELEMENT TITLE - - (#PCDATA) -(%head.misc;) -- document title --> <title> is NOT optional, and includes PCDATA (unstructured text) <!ELEMENT BODY O O (%block;|SCRIPT)+ +(INS|DEL) -- document body --> and <body> is optional, but must containt at least one block-level or <script> element. So, by that logic, the smallest technically legal HTML doc is: --- <!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd"> <title></title> <p> --- (the end tag of <p> is optional as well) <html>, <head>, and <body> are all optional and thus impied by the structure. -- Matthew Fuller (MF4839) | fullermd at over-yonder.net Unix Systems Administrator | fullermd at futuresouth.com Specializing in FreeBSD | http://www.over-yonder.net/ "The only reason I'm burning my candle at both ends, is because I haven't figured out how to light the middle yet"