Steven E. Streight noted: >>Use comment moderation with delayed posting instead. >>Comment moderation, with email notification of comments >>in moderation, awaiting approval. Hi Steven, I think that sounds like a good starting point and, if you are only running one site with low to medium traffic, perhaps reasonable in the longer term. However, for someone running a number of high traffic sites this approach may not be practical. In that case they would either need a more mechanized aproach (whether CAPTCHA or a series of Turing-like questions like we have been discussing) or a slashdot like army of moderators (a system which has its own problems). HTH, RonL.