My last post was too long, so here's a tip to try and make up for it. <tip audience="cgi-heads, html-folks, all" subject="UTF-8"> If your CGI application would like its form input in UTF-8 (because that's what needs to go in the database, say), there are one or two things you can do to make your life easier: * Make sure the document you're serving up is served as UTF-8 by the web server. In Perl, that's "print $cgi->header(-charset=>"utf-8");", or Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8 For you NPH guys or people who like hacking Apache config files. This persuades most modern browsers to send back UTF-8. * Say '<form accept-charset="utf-8">' for your form open tag. Now every HTML4+-compliant browser should send back UTF-8. The above is good, but old browsers are still going to send their native character set (and not tell you about it in any reliable or even vaguely portable way). You'll need a more devious technique based on looking at hidden form fields. Decide what the incoming data is encoded as, and then use a module like Unicode::MapUTF8 to remap it to UTF-8. </tip> -- Andrew Chadwick, UNIX/Internet Programmer, PR Newswire Europe, Oxford -- The views or opinions above are solely mine and are not necessarily those of PR Newswire Europe. The message may contain privileged or confidential information; if you are not a named recipient, notify me, and do not copy, use, or disclose this message. <andrew.chadwick at prnewswire.co.uk>.