Hello, This thread has been very helpful to me, since SEO is a topic I never feel I have a good enough handle on. I hope it has been helpful to Sylvia, too. I have a follow-up question. Understanding the importance of a well-coded site, clean structure, and so on, I am supposing that frames are also a no-no, since they split the single visual presentation into separate component pages, each of which probably does not present the entire context, have a title, etc. However, I haven't seen this explicitly said in the several resources I've looked at from those some of you have suggested. I have a friend who asked me a while back about SEO, and I referred him to what I knew (including this list), but I think his site is using some frames. So if those are working against him in search engines, I want to tell him that. Are they? - John -- This message may contain information which is private, privileged or confidential and is intended solely for the use of the individual or entity named in the message. If you are not the intended recipient of this message, please notify the sender thereof and destroy / delete the message. Neither the sender nor Sappi Limited (including its subsidiaries and associated companies) shall incur any liability resulting directly or indirectly from accessing any of the attached files which may contain a virus or the like.