Thanks, Hassan. Note that I have no experience in setting up or running Apache locally. > It's not clear to me what you're showing is in httpd.conf > or .htaccess. What I sent was in the httpd.conf. Most of it was there by default, I simply added "/sites" to DocumentRoot and changed AllowOverride from None to All in the two <Directory> settings. > > Regardless, have you run apachectl -t and looked in your error log? > No. I'm not even sure where the error logs are on the Mac. > Since I needed to get back on that horse anyway, I just downloaded > and compiled 2.2.8 on my Mac (10.5.2) and .htaccess works fine with > a simple Require user directive. > I don't know what the Require user directive is (though I could Google it), however I didn't download or compile Apache, since it's installed by default. I simply opened System Preferences > Sharing and enabled Web Sharing. PHP 5 is also installed by default, so I opened httpd.conf and uncommented the LoadModule command. From <http://maisonbisson.com/blog/post/10761/enabling-htaccess-on-mac-os-x >: "Not so, recently, but I ran into a big stumbling block when I discovered OS X’s Apache comes pre-configured to ignore .htaccess files. "So I’m not going to feel too bad about scratching my head for a minute before realizing I should check to make sure the httpd.conf file had support for .htaccess files enabled, but the second point, and I know this thanks to Richard Rutter’s Clagnut, support must also be enabled in the user’s http.conf file (located in /private/etc/httpd/ users/). For full details, go read Rutter’s enabling .htaccess in OS X post." The httpd.conf edits I showed you were done per this article: <http://www.clagnut.com/blog/350/ > Jeffrey — Jeffrey Barke Senior developer / information architect theMechanism New York 440 9th Avenue 8th Floor New York, NY 10001-1631 e: jeffrey.barke at theMechanism.com w: http://theMechanism.com t: +1 212 404 3150 f: +1 212 404 3228 — theMechanism is a multi-disciplinary design agency with offices in New York, London and Durban, South Africa.