CM > I have an impression that the shift occurred about 5 > years ago as site pages moved from static to dynamic. Hassan Schroeder "moved from static to dynamic ... 5 years ago"?? That seems, well, /much/ too recent to me, but I have no statistics to quote, so... Regardless, a "Content Management System" is not something that was invented for the Web. Yes, hard to believe, but there was actually content to be managed and published before HTML, and it wasn't all on stone tablets. :-) Christie Mason Point taken, but I'm speaking of common usage. I don't remember the name of the program but there was a product that could do desktop publishing from a database in DOS/Win 3.1 days, it wasn't PageMaker or Ventura Publisher but it was around the time those products were beginning to create that market. Oh the excitement of doing drop shadows and underlining text on a dot matrix!