You can still use character codes if the encoding of the file supports it except for special characters (&, <, >). If you have a plain ASCII document and need to represent accented e then you need to writeé or é because ASCII doesnt have a character for it. This is what makes the '&' character special, it is used to indicate numeric and character entities. If you need to indicate an actual '&' then you need to use & . Check this out http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/charset.html#h-5.3 ----- Original Message ---- > From: Bob Meetin <bobm at dottedi.biz> > To: "thelist at lists.evolt.org" <thelist at lists.evolt.org> > Sent: Sun, November 8, 2009 8:49:39 AM > Subject: [thelist] the ampersand & and similar entity type characters > > Just curious here. Can someone explain when/why it's compulsory to use > the entity code rather than the character itself in a document. > Commonly in validating pages, even the cryptic php strings they won't > validate unless I convert & to &, etc. > > With simple page titles like "Jack & Jill" they become "Jack & Jill". > > Or perhaps: > > index.php?option=page&id=3 becomes index.php?option=page&id=3 > > It's just rather fatiguing... > > -Bob > > > -- > > * * Please support the community that supports you. * * > http://evolt.org/help_support_evolt/ > > For unsubscribe and other options, including the Tip Harvester > and archives of thelist go to: http://lists.evolt.org > Workers of the Web, evolt !