Hi Gang, Another evolter beginning to fiddle about with XML ... (I spent most of yesterday parsing through 27,000+ XML data files.) Anyway ... easy question ... How is a null represented in an XML data stream? Is it "<ZZZ></ZZZ>"? (No value between the tags - but the tags are in the stream.) Or is it ""? (No evidence of a 'ZZZ' element at all.) Or are they equivalent? <tip type="XML Viewer" author="RonL."> The version I've been using isn't particularly stable if you open more than two data files at once, but if you only look at one or two at a time then 'Peter's XML Editor' (freeware I think) and available from tucows seems reasonably decent. </tip> Thanks, RonL. * Too many clicks spoil the browse. * Don't byte off more than you can view. * A chat has nine lives.