[thechat] P.o.Ws - Thought this was interesting...

David McLean d.a.mclean at shaw.ca
Sat Jan 26 15:23:01 CST 2002

From: quotationoftheday_request at yahoo.ca (Quote of the day editor)
Date: Fri, 25 Jan 2002 05:55:05 -0500
To: quotationoftheday at yahoo.ca (Quote of the day mailing list)
Subject: Quote of the day for January 25, 2002

 Article 4

 A. Prisoners of war, in the sense of the present Convention, are
 persons belonging to one of the following categories, who have fallen
 into the power of the enemy:

   1. Members of the armed forces of a Party to the conflict as well as
   members of militias or volunteer corps forming part of such armed

   2. Members of other militias and members of other volunteer corps,
   including those of organized resistance movements, belonging to a
   Party to the conflict and operating in or outside their own territory,
   even if this territory is occupied, provided that such militias or
   volunteer corps, including such organized resistance movements, fulfil
   the following conditions:

    (a) That of being commanded by a person responsible for his

    (b) That of having a fixed distinctive sign recognizable at a distance;

    (c) That of carrying arms openly;

    (d) That of conducting their operations in accordance with the laws
    and customs of war.

   3. Members of regular armed forces who profess allegiance to a
   government or an authority not recognized by the Detaining Power.


   6. Inhabitants of a non-occupied territory, who on the approach of the
   enemy spontaneously take up arms to resist the invading forces,
   without having had time to form themselves into regular armed units,
   provided they carry arms openly and respect the laws and customs of


 Article 5

 The present Convention shall apply to the persons referred to in
 Article 4 from the time they fall into the power of the enemy and
 until their final release and repatriation.

 Should any doubt arise as to whether persons, having committed a
 belligerent act and having fallen into the hands of the enemy, belong
 to any of the categories enumerated in Article 4, such persons shall
 enjoy the protection of the present Convention until such time as
 their status has been determined by a competent tribunal.


 Article 7

 Prisoners of war may in no circumstances renounce in part or in
 entirety the rights secured to them by the present Convention, and by
 the special agreements referred to in the foregoing Article, if such
 there be.

 - excerpts from the Geneva Convention relative to the Treatment of
   Prisoners of War (http://www.unhchr.ch/html/menu3/b/91.htm)

   Submitted by: Mike Krawchuk
                  Jan. 20, 2002
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